Jun 23, Keeping your fruit trees in check with their summer pruning starts NOW. For me that means it's apple espalier pruning time. My espaliers are in their 5th year and I'm still using the basic principles of pruning AND I'm seeing the Estimated Reading Time: 6 mins.
1. Remove damaged or weak branches with pruning shears, making the cut flush with the tree trunk or lateral branch in early spring and throughout the growing season.
Prune Each Branch Three Leaves Up From the Basal Leaves. Inspect each of the branches that you’ve cut down by half. Find the basal leaf cluster (these are the clutch of leaves that are around the base of this year’s growth. In the photo below, the basal leaves are the three leaves coming from the base of the branch.
If you have a small orchard, delay pruning until it’s nearly spring. Allow for rain and bad weather, but plan to be finished pruning by May 1 or in time to begin spraying. In many larger orchards, the pruning begins soon after harvest and continues through to spring. Old trees are pruned first and young trees are left until March and April. Trees to Five Years.
It may take 3 to 5 years to get the entire fruit tree structure in place. Your tree, though, should start bearing fruit in a few years. Prune out any developing fruit the first few years. Remove any vertical shoots, suckers, and water sprouts each year and shorten horizontal branches back to create a fruiting spur. How to Prune & Espalier an Apple Tree to Get Fruiting Spurs.
Espalier is a method of growing fruit trees against a wall or fence so that the tree produces the.